The Sydney Cove started life as the ship Begum Shaw, she was renamed in 1796 when purchased and used to carry goods to Sydney Cove. She ran ashore on the 9th of February, 1797 on the so named Preservation Island, near Tasmania. She was among the first ships wrecked on the east coast of Australia.
This sample of woven fabric was recovered from the shipwreck nearly 200 years later. It was analysed by the CSRIO as wool with the fibre being rated at 25 microns and weaved in a 2/2 Hopsack structure. This information suggests that it formed part of a coat with an additional fibre identified as hemp also being found on the sample indicating that the jacket would have likely belonged to a member of the crew. The durability of the wool is unquestionable after surviving almost 200 years in the sea floor.
Also of note was the recovery from the shipwreck of the world’s oldest bottle of beer.
The West Geelong War Monument was erected by the citizens of Geelong West to commemorate those who served in World War I. The memorial was unveiled by the Governor, Lord Somers on 18 September 1927. The memorial was dedicated by the Reverend J.J. Booth.
These robes are thought to be the original ones purchased by Geelong Town Mayor Robert de Bruce Johnstone as he was preparing to receive Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, during his visit to Geelong in 1867. Formal dress by the mayor was regular practice for nearly a century.
The ‘Ozone’ was a paddle steamer built in Scotland in 1885. It was sailed to Australia and was used to transport passengers between Melbourne and Geelong. The ship officially retired in 1918 and was sunk off Indented Head in 1925 to create a safe harbour on a coastline badly affected by windstorms. In 1992 the anchor of the ‘Ozone’ wreck was retrieved from the bay and in 1995 was placed on The Esplanade as a commemorative monument.
This Wagga was made in 1945 in Kyabram, Victoria by Percy Perkins. Perkins was a police officer serving in regional towns in Victoria. He was a keen fisherman and hunter. Family camping trips were spent by the river where everyone slept on stretchers with several army blankets underneath and a wheat bag wagga on top. The green colour of this wagga is from “Dekkol” a preservative which Perkins used to protect his cotton fishing nets from rotting.
Details the recollections of George Mitchell during World War II and his time in the Newtown and Chilwell Kazoo Band. These stories were part of the “Memory Bank” project that recorded stories of changing places across Geelong and surrounding areas. Film by Malcolm McKinnon.
Shiv made from a Philips head screwdriver, bandage and sticky tape. The end has been sanded down to a point. It would have been used as a form of protection within the prison system. Seized from an inmate in around 1986 from the Geelong Gaol which was the oldest inhabited prison within Victoria. The Gaol was designed by Henry Ginn, the first colonial architect of Victoria. It was constructed between 1849 and 1864 using convict labour. The Gaol closed in July 1991.
Between the 1920’s and 1950’s the YWCA, Blue Triangle and local committee of representatives organised an Inter House Athletics Day for Girls in Geelong and Melbourne. Local Geelong businesses, such as the surrounding woollen mills, business firms and church clubs formed teams of seven women to compete in a variety of sports, such as bowls, basketball, hockey, cricket and soccer. Events such as these were organised to encourage women to participate in competitive sports and network with other women in the workforce.
Sea travel and transport was crucial in the early history of Geelong. Necessary stock and supplies were brought in by sea and exports left in the same way. Infrastructure such as buoys and beacons were placed within the in the bay to mark channels. The buoys that are placed on the Geelong Waterfront today are the original marker buoys that were placed in Corio Bay.
After migrating to Australia from England and working on the goldfields Snell settled in Geelong. Soon after arriving in Geelong, he painted this scene of the emerging city. He made his fortune as an engineer for the Geelong and Melbourne Railway. This painting was presented to Geelong Council in 1941. Photo courtesy Geelong Heritage Centre.
This trowel was presented to the Corporation of Geelong by Joseph Reed architect and Builders William Allen &William Cakebread on the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone of Geelong Town Hall on 9 April 1855. It was presented to William Kingston Baylie, Mayor of Geelong.
Originally constructed in 1855, based on plans by architect Joseph Reed, the building remained with only a single southern wing until the turn of the century. In 1914 a referendum was held to decide whether to move town hall to another site on Moorabool Street (the former Geelong Grammar site). This was defeated. By 1917 the eastern and northern wings of the building were completed. This image was taken soon after the completion of the building.